TY - JOUR

T1 - Symmetry breaking in an initially curved pre-stressed micro beam loaded by a distributed electrostatic force

AU - Medina, Lior

AU - Gilat, Rivka

AU - Krylov, Slava

PY - 2014/6/1

Y1 - 2014/6/1

N2 - The symmetric and asymmetric buckling of an initially curved micro beam subjected to an axial pre-stressing load and transversal distributed electrostatic force is studied. The analysis is based on a reduced order (RO) model resulting from the Galerkin decomposition with buckling modes of a straight beam used as the base functions. The criteria of symmetric limit point buckling and of non-symmetric bifurcation are derived in terms of the geometric parameters of the beam and the axial load. Two symmetry breaking conditions, defining the relations between the axial load and the geometric parameters of beams for which an asymmetric response bifurcates from the symmetric one, are obtained. The necessary criterion establishes the conditions for the appearance of bifurcation points on the unstable branch of the symmetric response curve; the sufficient criterion assures a realistic asymmetric buckling bifurcating from the stable branches of the symmetric response curve. A comparison between the RO model results and those obtained by direct numerical analysis shows good agreement between the two and indicates that the obtained criteria can be used to predict symmetric and non-symmetric buckling in electrostatically actuated curved pre-stressed micro beams. It is shown that while the symmetry breaking conditions are affected by the nonlinearity of the electrostatic force, its influence is less pronounced than in the case of the symmetric snap-through criterion. The nature of the latter and the relations between it and the symmetry breaking criteria are found to go through a prominent qualitative change as the initial distance between the beam and the electrode, characterizing the electrostatic force, changes.

AB - The symmetric and asymmetric buckling of an initially curved micro beam subjected to an axial pre-stressing load and transversal distributed electrostatic force is studied. The analysis is based on a reduced order (RO) model resulting from the Galerkin decomposition with buckling modes of a straight beam used as the base functions. The criteria of symmetric limit point buckling and of non-symmetric bifurcation are derived in terms of the geometric parameters of the beam and the axial load. Two symmetry breaking conditions, defining the relations between the axial load and the geometric parameters of beams for which an asymmetric response bifurcates from the symmetric one, are obtained. The necessary criterion establishes the conditions for the appearance of bifurcation points on the unstable branch of the symmetric response curve; the sufficient criterion assures a realistic asymmetric buckling bifurcating from the stable branches of the symmetric response curve. A comparison between the RO model results and those obtained by direct numerical analysis shows good agreement between the two and indicates that the obtained criteria can be used to predict symmetric and non-symmetric buckling in electrostatically actuated curved pre-stressed micro beams. It is shown that while the symmetry breaking conditions are affected by the nonlinearity of the electrostatic force, its influence is less pronounced than in the case of the symmetric snap-through criterion. The nature of the latter and the relations between it and the symmetry breaking criteria are found to go through a prominent qualitative change as the initial distance between the beam and the electrode, characterizing the electrostatic force, changes.

KW - Axial pre-stress force

KW - Bistability

KW - Curved micro beam

KW - Electrostatic force

KW - MEMS/NEMS

KW - Non-symmetric buckling criteria

KW - Snap-through buckling

KW - Symmetric buckling criterion

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897912517&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2014.02.010

DO - 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2014.02.010

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AN - SCOPUS:84897912517

SN - 0020-7683

VL - 51

SP - 2047

EP - 2061

JO - International Journal of Solids and Structures

JF - International Journal of Solids and Structures

IS - 11-12

ER -