Understanding One’s Own Emotions in Cognitively-Able Preadolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Esther Ben-Itzchak, Shira Abutbul, Hadas Bela, Tom Shai, Ditza A. Zachor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


There are still no straightforward answers as to whether understanding one’s own emotions is impaired in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study evaluated the perception of one’s own different emotions, based on the relevant section of the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule Module 3 test. Forty boys, aged 8–11 years, 20 diagnosed with ASD (IQ ≥ 85) and 20 typically developing children were included. Description of events that elicited specific emotions in ASD was characterized by more ‘odd’ statements and ‘no responses’ and less use of content related to ‘social situations’, ‘interpersonal’ and ‘self-awareness’. More ‘no responses’ and odd statements were associated with the severity of ASD symptoms. Clinicians should be aware of these differentiating factors during the diagnostic process of ASD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2363-2371
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2016


  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Autism symptoms severity
  • Coherence
  • Understanding one’s own emotions


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