Traumatic reactions from antiquity to the 16th century: Was there a common denominator?

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The history of psychological trauma is neglected in the psychiatric literature in comparison with other mental diseases. Most mental disorders have a long documented history (e.g. depressive disorders and anxiety disorders), and boast scores of medical sources since ancient times. Although scarce, there is evidence of psychological trauma in historical, literal, mythical and medical manuscripts. These fragments provide us with hints of psychological trauma throughout human history, shedding a bit of light on the concept of psychological trauma. The author presents evidence of psychological trauma from antiquity to the Renaissance era. The paper has four parts. Each part corresponds to a different historical period. The four periods in human history are: antiquity, ancient Greece and Rome, the dark and medieval ages and the European Renaissance era until the 16th century. The author inquires as to why psychological trauma was neglected and remained obscure for centuries, and whether there was a common denominator of psychological trauma that is beyond culture, race, gender and time. The paper aimed to address these inquires. In conclusion, these aspects in the history of psychological trauma are of scholastic and practical importance, and may also contribute to the broader understanding of modern psychotraumatology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-240
Number of pages18
JournalStress and Health
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2011


  • Ancient Greece
  • Ancient Rome
  • Antiquity
  • Dark Ages
  • History
  • Medieval Ages
  • Mesopotamia
  • Psychological Trauma
  • Renaissance


Dive into the research topics of 'Traumatic reactions from antiquity to the 16th century: Was there a common denominator?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this