Transmission disequilibrium test for hand bone mineral density and 11q12-13 chromosomal segment

G. Livshits, S. Trofimov, I. Malkin, E. Kobyliansky

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15 Scopus citations


The main aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the bone mineral density (BMD) assessed from radiographs of the hand phalanges in a random sample of ethnically homogeneous pedigrees is linked to the 11q12-13 chromosomal segment. The data for the study were gathered from 574 Chuvasha individuals belonging to two- and three-generation pedigrees who live in small villages in the Bashkortostan autonomy, Russia. Preliminary statistical-genetic analysis of the BMD in the pedigrees studied showed that potential genetic effects were highly significant (p < 0.001, in comparison with the model assuming no genetic effect), and explained at least 36% of the BMD variation adjusted for sex and age differences. For the transmission/disequilibrium test (TDT) used in our study, a total of 163 nuclear families with two sibs on average were available. Seven DNA microsatellite markers (D11S1313, D11S1765, D11S987, D11S913, D11S983, D11S1314, D11S916) with average spacing of 2 cM on the chromosomal area 11q12-13 were selected for the TDT. The nominal p values (p < 0.05-0.0015) obtained from three TDT-type tests used for random and extreme-threshold sampling designs pointed consistently to possible linkage disequilibrium between BMD and some of the DNA markers. There was evidence for possible linkage disequilibrium in the upper part of the chromosomal segment studied (markers D11S1313 and D11S1765), and also in the lower part (markers D11S1983 and D11S1314). The lowest nominal p values (0.0015-0.0067) were obtained from three TDT-type tests for marker D11S1313. However, our findings must still be treated with great caution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-467
Number of pages7
JournalOsteoporosis International
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • BMD
  • Genetics
  • Microsatellite DNA
  • QTL
  • TDT


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