The Struggle for Legitimacy: Academic colleges on the map of higher education in Israel

Nitza Davidovitch, Yaacov Iram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This article addresses a unique relationship evolving between the two major categories of higher learning institutions in Israel: the country's universities, and the colleges that were established in their shadow. The history of higher education is outlined, stressing the initial dominance of the research universities, and explaining the gradual transformation of its elitist orientation into a more populist one. The article further explains how that transformation led to the establishment of colleges as affiliates of their 'parent' universities, functioning under their full supervision, describing how that model eventually led the Council for Higher Education (CHE) to encourage (in 2000) the development of non-university higher education institutions to secure equal opportunities to broad groups of population. The article goes on to analyze the methods of curricula and teaching development in the colleges, touching upon the development of graduate programs in non-university institutions. It concludes that the initial intention of the CHE to establish a dual system of research universities and popular colleges is developing into a monistic system following the research university concept and model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-163
Number of pages13
JournalResearch in Comparative and International Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2009


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