The research frontier on internationalization of social enterprises

Ilan Alon, Roy Mersland, Martina Musteen, Trond Randøy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Social enterprises (SEs) are hybrid organizations that simultaneously pursue financial and social goals, while addressing institutional voids. Despite the extensive cross-border activities of SEs, the state of research addressing such flows of funds, technology and personnel is undeveloped. In this introductory article, we discuss the unique aspects of SEs and explore how the international business literature can inform our understanding of their internationalization. We outline promising areas for future research related to the drivers of and the processes underlying SE internationalization as well as its consequences. With this as a background, we introduce the five articles in this Special Issue.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101091
JournalJournal of World Business
Issue number5
StatePublished - Aug 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • Internationalization
  • Social enterprises
  • Social entrepreneurship


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