The Relationship between Socio-Demographic Factors, Preventive Health Behaviors and Acceptance of COVID-19 Vaccine among Israeli Pregnant Women during the Coronavirus Pandemic

Shir Nahum, Talma Kushnir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The outbreak of the Coronavirus disease led the World Health Organization to publish recommendations regarding preventive health behaviors (PHB). Pregnant women are at a higher risk of severe COVID-19 infection and adherence to these recommendations is critical. There are little data regarding PHB among pregnant women. The current study aims to evaluate the contribution of socio-demographic factors and COVID-19 vaccinations in predicting PHB among pregnant women. Method: 202 pregnant Israeli women (mean age = 30.8 years) participated in an online survey in 2021. Results: 88% of the women were vaccinated and few had been infected. Of the women, 75.2% reported wearing face masks in closed spaces, while 12.4% reported wearing masks outdoors; 63.9% of the women did not travel abroad for fear of infection by the virus and 51% avoided crowded events. A simultaneous regression analysis to predict PHB indicated that pregnancy week and Coronavirus vaccination significantly and positively predicted PHB, but religious status was a negative predictor. Age, number of children, and level of education were not associated with PHB. Conclusions: These findings can be helpful as a preliminary evidence base for policy-making at present and for future epidemics regarding guidelines on PHB adjusted for pregnant women.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6526
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume20
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • pregnant women
  • preventive health behaviors
  • religious status
  • socio-demographic factors

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