The Influence of Polymer Superplasticizers on Properties of High-Strength Concrete Based on Low-Clinker Slag Portland Cement

Leonid Dvorkin, Vadim Zhitkovsky, Ruslan Makarenko, Yuri Ribakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The paper deals with the effectiveness of various types of polymers (naphthalene formaldehyde, polycarboxylate, and lignosulfonate) as superplasticizers of concrete mixtures based on low-clinker slag Portland cement. Using the mathematical planning experimental method and statistical models of water demand of concrete mixtures with polymer superplasticizers, as well as concrete strength at different ages and under different curing conditions (normal curing and after steaming) were obtained. According to the models, the superplasticizer’s water-reducing effect and relative change in concrete strength were obtained. The proposed criterion for evaluating the effectiveness and compatibility of superplasticizers with cement takes into account the water-reducing effect of the superplasticizer and the corresponding relative change in concrete strength. The results demonstrate that the use of the investigated superplasticizer types and low-clinker slag Portland cement allows for achieving a significant increase in concrete strength. The effective contents of various polymer types, which allow the achieving of concrete strengths from 50 MPa to 80 Mpa, has been found.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2075
JournalMaterials
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Portland cement
  • compatibility
  • concrete
  • lignosulfonate
  • naphthalene formaldehyde
  • polycarboxylate
  • slag
  • superplasticizer

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