The Gardner method for symmetries

Alexander G. Rasin, Jeremy Schiff

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18 Scopus citations


The Gardner method, traditionally used to generate conservation laws of integrable equations, is generalized to generate symmetries. The method is demonstrated for the KdV, Camassa-Holm and sine-Gordon equations. The method involves identifying a generating symmetry which depends upon a parameter; expansion of this symmetry in a (formal) power series in the parameter then gives the usual infinite hierarchy of symmetries. We show that the obtained symmetries commute, discuss the relation of the Gardner method with Lenard recursion (both for symmetries and conservation laws), and also the connection between the symmetries of continuous integrable equations and their discrete analogues.

Original languageEnglish
Article number155202
JournalJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Issue number15
StatePublished - 19 Apr 2013


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