The effect of stent graft curvature on the hemodynamic displacement force after abdominal aortic aneurysm endovascular repair

Moshe Brand, Bar Yoel, Eran Eichler, Chen Speter, Moshe Halak, Gil Marom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Endovascular aortic aneurysm repair is a minimally invasive procedure with low mortality and morbidity. Clinical studies have revealed that a displacement force (DF) can cause stent graft (SG) migration in some circumstances requiring repeated intervention. This study aims to determine the relationship between the SG curvature and the calculated DF from four patient-specific computational fluid dynamics models. The SG's curvature was defined according to the centrelines of the implanted SG's branches. The centrelines were defined as either intersecting or separated lines. The centreline curvature (CLC) metrics were calculated based on the local curvature radii and the distances from the centrelines of idealized straight branches. The average CLC value and average variation were calculated to represent the entire graft's curvature. These CLC calculations were compared, and the method that gave the best correlation to the calculated DF was found. The optimal correlation is obtained from calculating the CLC average variation using separated centrelines and distance from straight lines, with an R 2 = 0.89. Understanding the relationship between vascular morphology and DF can help identify at-risk patients before the procedure. In these cases, we can provide appropriate treatment and follow up with the patient to prevent future failure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number230563
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)
  • centreline curvature (CLC)
  • displacement force (DF)
  • endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR)
  • migration
  • stent graft (SG)

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