Synthesis of a SiO2/Co(OH)2 Nanocomposite Catalyst for SOX/NOX Oxidation in Flue Gas

Alon Khabra, Haim Cohen, Gad A. Pinhasi, Xavier Querol, Patricia Córdoba Sola, Tomer Zidki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Sulfur and nitrogen oxides (SOX/NOX) are the primary air toxic gas pollutants emitted during fuel combustion, causing health and environmental concerns. Therefore, their emission in flue gases is strictly regulated. The existing technologies used to decrease SOX/NOX content are flue gas desulfurization, which necessitates high capital and operating costs, and selective catalytic reduction, which, in addition to these costs, requires expensive catalysts and high operating temperatures (350–400 °C). New wet scrubbing processes use O3 or H2O2 oxidants to produce (NH4)2SO4 and NH4NO3 fertilizers upon ammonia injection. However, these oxidants are expensive, corrosive, and hazardous. SiO2/Co(OH)2 nanocomposites are presented here as potential catalysts for SOX/NOX oxidation in wet scrubber reactors to scrub these toxic gases using atmospheric oxygen as the oxidant at relatively low temperatures of 60–90 °C. Several silica-cobalt-oxide-based nanocomposites were synthesized as potential catalysts at different concentrations and temperatures. The nanocomposite catalysts were characterized and exhibited excellent catalytic properties for SOX/NOX oxidation using atmospheric oxygen as the oxidant, replacing the problematic H2O2/O3. We thus propose SiO2-supported Co(OH)2 nanoparticles (NPs) as excellent catalysts for the simultaneous scrubbing of polluting SOX/NOX gases in flue gases using atmospheric O2 as the oxidation reagent at a relatively low-temperature range.

Original languageEnglish
Article number29
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • NO oxidation
  • SO oxidation
  • fertilizer manufacturing
  • nanocomposite oxidation catalyst
  • wet scrubber


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