Suicidal tendencies, meaning in life, family support, and social engagement of the elderly residing in the community and in institutional settings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among the elderly between the resilience factors of family support and social engagement (involvement in leisure activities and relationships with friends) and suicidal tendency levels and meaning in life, as a function of residence type (home or institutional setting) and gender. Methods: One hundred and ninety-seven elderly people participated, half residing in the community and half in institutional settings (nursing homes and assisted living). Five questionnaires (socio-demographic, purpose in life, suicidal tendencies, family support and social engagement) were administered to independently functioning residents who provided informed consent for participation in the study. Results: The study results show that whereas for all participants there was a negative correlation between family support and depression, and a positive correlation between family support and meaning in life, there was a difference based on residence type. A negative interaction between social engagement and the level of suicidal tendency, and a positive interaction between social engagement and meaning in life was seen only for elderly people residing in institutional settings. Elderly men living in institutional settings presented the most difficult picture based on the study variables. Conclusions: Family support serves as a resilience factor for all the elderly, but activity and social engagement of elderly men living in institutional settings provides meaning in life and serves as a possible resilience factor against suicidal tendency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-22
Number of pages10
JournalIsrael Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences
Volume57
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2020

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Suicidal tendencies, meaning in life, family support, and social engagement of the elderly residing in the community and in institutional settings'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this