'Spring of Youth' in Beirut: The effects of the Israeli military operation on Lebanon

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This article examines the impact that Operation Spring of Youth, carried out by the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) on 10 April 1973 had on Lebanon. IDF Special Forces infiltrated the heart of Beirut and eliminated three senior members of the Black September organization, perpetrator of the 1972 Munich Olympics massacre. While Israelis celebrated the successful military operation, the Lebanese mourned. Following the Israeli raid, the Lebanese government resigned, and an armed conflict erupted between the Lebanese army and the Palestinian organizations, leading to both domestic and inter-Arab crises. When these clashes ended, the Lebanese government had been unable to enforce its authority over Palestinian organizations, and Lebanon's weakness was publicly exposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-425
Number of pages16
JournalIsrael affairs
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2014


  • Beirut, Munich Olympic Games Massacre
  • Black September organization
  • IDF
  • Lebanese army
  • PLO
  • Palestinians
  • Suleiman Frangieh
  • Syria


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