TY - JOUR

T1 - Sourced scalar fluctuations in bouncing cosmology

AU - Ben-Dayan, Ido

AU - Kupferman, Judy

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab.

PY - 2019/7/31

Y1 - 2019/7/31

N2 - We calculate the scalar power spectrum generated by sourced fluctuations due to coupling between the scalar field, which holds most of the energy density of the universe, and a gauge field for a general FLRW metric. For this purpose we calculate the curvature perturbation to second order in the presence of gauge fields, and show that the gauge fields behave like an additional potential term. We then apply the analysis to the case of slow-contraction. Due to the interaction between the scalar field and gauge fields additional 'sourced' tensor and scalar spectra are generated. The resulting spectra are chiral, slightly blue and arbitrarily close to scale invariance. The only difference between the tensor and scalar spectra is the coupling constant with an (1) numerical coefficient, and some momentum space polarization vectors. As a result the tilt of the spectra are the same. For the nearly scale invariant case, the momentum integration gives the same leading contribution. Hence, rΣ 1 where the deviation from unity is controlled by the deviation from scale invariance, and is not in agreement with CMB observations. Deviating considerably from near scale invariance, and considering a bluer tilt with nT>0.12, the model cannot account for CMB observations, but can be detected by LIGO and/or LISA in the future.

AB - We calculate the scalar power spectrum generated by sourced fluctuations due to coupling between the scalar field, which holds most of the energy density of the universe, and a gauge field for a general FLRW metric. For this purpose we calculate the curvature perturbation to second order in the presence of gauge fields, and show that the gauge fields behave like an additional potential term. We then apply the analysis to the case of slow-contraction. Due to the interaction between the scalar field and gauge fields additional 'sourced' tensor and scalar spectra are generated. The resulting spectra are chiral, slightly blue and arbitrarily close to scale invariance. The only difference between the tensor and scalar spectra is the coupling constant with an (1) numerical coefficient, and some momentum space polarization vectors. As a result the tilt of the spectra are the same. For the nearly scale invariant case, the momentum integration gives the same leading contribution. Hence, rΣ 1 where the deviation from unity is controlled by the deviation from scale invariance, and is not in agreement with CMB observations. Deviating considerably from near scale invariance, and considering a bluer tilt with nT>0.12, the model cannot account for CMB observations, but can be detected by LIGO and/or LISA in the future.

KW - alternatives to inflation

KW - cosmological perturbation theory

KW - physics of the early universe

KW - primordial gravitational waves (theory)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072065047&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1475-7516/2019/07/050

DO - 10.1088/1475-7516/2019/07/050

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AN - SCOPUS:85072065047

SN - 1475-7516

VL - 2019

JO - Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

JF - Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics

IS - 7

M1 - 050

ER -