Sourced fluctuations in generic slow contraction

Micha Artymowski, Ido Ben-Dayan, Udaykrishna Thattarampilly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


We introduce a set of generic conditions for the slow contracting Universe and for a narrowed-down category of models called fast-roll models. We present general conditions for superhorizon freeze-out of scalar and tensor perturbations and show that any fast-roll model satisfies them, as in the case of inflation. We are interested in the "Sourced Bounce"scenario, where perturbations are sourced by a U(1) gauge field coupled to a bouncer scalar field. The requirement of a slightly red tilted scalar spectrum greatly restricts the allowed couplings between the scalar and the gauge field. We show that a viable slightly red scalar spectrum is achievable. However, within the fast-roll approximation the tensor-to-scalar ratio is in general r ≃ 1/9, inconsistent with current observations. We demonstrate the general result with an explicit example we dub "Intermediate contraction". We prove that small modifications in fast-roll that do not alter the Green's functions, do not result in r < 0.06 consistent with the data for more than an e-fold. Hence, a successful "Sourced Bounce"requires a different source or a significant deviation from fast-roll.

Original languageEnglish
Article number010
JournalJournal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2021


Dive into the research topics of 'Sourced fluctuations in generic slow contraction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this