Social and Economic Exchange Between Social Workers and their Employers in the Context of their Sectorial Affiliation and Seniority

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Abstract

Partial privatization creates organizational hybrids that can generate conflict between professional and institutional logic among social workers. Research is scant but necessary to identify better organizational approaches. Using the social and economic exchange (SEE) model, we examined Israeli social workers’ perception of their relationships with their workplaces. To examine organizational affiliation and seniority impact on SEE, we conducted a two-way ANOVA on data from 824 social workers: 55.1% from government sector (GSO) 30.8% from ‘third sector’ (TSO), and 14.1% from for-profit sector (FPO) organizations. Our findings showed the SEE model identified ways organizations and their social workers manage sector hybridity. Social exchange among TSO social workers was higher than GSOs, but similar to FPOs. Economic exchange was higher in FPOs, compared to GSOs. Seniority related only to economic exchange, possibly signaling change among newer social workers. TSOs must strengthen their social exchange to maintain their advantage among social workers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)708-719
Number of pages12
JournalVoluntas
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Economic exchange
  • Professional seniority
  • Sectorial affiliation
  • Social exchange
  • Social workers

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