Seismic isolation columns for earthquake-resistant structures

V. Briman, Y. Ribakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Seismic isolation is a well-known trend in earthquake design of structures. It enables a reduction in structural response to earthquakes and minimizes possible damage to buildings. This paper deals with a new constructive solution for seismic isolation, adapted to a structural scheme traditionally used in the Mediterranean region; it is usually presented as an open ground floor with a system of reinforced-concrete columns, supported on single bases. The best-known base isolation systems, implemented in existing structures, are elastomeric bearings and friction pendulums. The proposed solution is based on the idea of pendulum suspension brackets installed in seismic isolation columns. The main differences between existing solutions and the proposed one are that the latter requires no additional space for its installation, its lifetime corresponds to that of the structure, and no service is required during the entire period. The proposed solution provides additional damping and, like other base isolation systems, shifts the vibration period of the structure, reducing its spectral response. Since its size is compact, the ground-floor columns of existing structures with low seismic capacity may easily be replaced by the proposed ones. It yields significant improvement in structural seismic response. Numerical simulation shows that buildings where the proposed system is installed are likely to sustain minimal damage, or none at all, whereas traditionally designed ones may suffer major damage or even collapse due to the same earthquake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-116
Number of pages18
JournalStructural Design of Tall and Special Buildings
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes


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