SDN Wireless Controller Placement Problem-The 4G LTE-U Case

Aviram Zilberman, Yoram Haddad, Sefi Erlich, Yossi Peretz, Amit Dvir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


To cope with the shortage of available licensed spectrum, 4th Generation Long Term Evolution (4G LTE) is expected to be deployed also in the unlicensed spectrum. This raises the problem of the coexistence of multiple operators. Obviously, a Software Defined Networking (SDN) based control approach can utilize the radio bandwidth by coordinating between multiple LTE-Unlicensed (LTE-U) operators. Within SDN control plane, there is a well-known issue namely the Controller Placement Problem (CPP) which has a major impact on the efficiency of the control plane. This paper addresses the Wireless Controller Placement Problem (WCPP) when the SouthBound interface (SBi) is based on 4G LTE unlicensed. The proposed solution improves the throughput, link failure probability and the transparency on the SBi from concurrent transmissions on the control plane. Two heuristic solutions are considered, one is a simulated annealing based and the other is a ray-shooting based. The simulation results show that they are fast and efficient and the ray-shooting based heuristic out-performs the simulated annealing based heuristic. In addition, it is shown that the transparency improves in bigger networks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9328566
Pages (from-to)16225-16238
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2021


  • LTE
  • SDN
  • placement
  • simulated annealing
  • stochastic geometry
  • wireless


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