Reduction of platelet counts induced by mechanical ventilation in newborn infants

Ami Ballin, Gideon Koren, David Kohelet, René Burger, Mark Greenwald, A. Charles Bryan, Alvin Zipursky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The association between platelet counts and mechanical ventilation was assessed in 61 newborn infants with respiratory distress syndrome, 10 infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, and 10 infants with tracheoesophageal fistula. A significant decrease in platelet counts was observed during mechanical ventilation: (mean±SD) reduction of 39%±5%, 42%±5.6%, and 11.9%±5.4% in the three groups, respectively, independent of other causes. In the group with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, there was a significant correlation between mean airway pressure and the reduction in platelet counts. In a subsequent series of experiments, platelet counts were recorded before and during ventilation in rabbits. A significant mean decrease of 37.3% in platelet counts was associated with ventilation with either air or pure oxygen. Results of these studies indicate that mechanical ventilation itself may cause a major decrease in platelet count in newborn infants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-449
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Pediatrics
Volume111
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1987
Externally publishedYes

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