Real-Time Fault Location Using the Retardation Method

Moneer Nabwani, Michael Suleymanov, Yosef Pinhasi, Asher Yahalom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A new method for short-circuit fault location is proposed. The method is based on instantaneous signal measurement and its first and second derivatives, which are the novel elements of the current approach. The derivatives allow associating a precise time stamp to the occurrence of the fault. Due to retardation phenomena, the difference between the times in which a signal is registered in two detectors can be used to locate the fault. We offer several mathematical models to describe the fault. Although a description of faults in terms of a lumped circuit is useful for elucidating the methods for detecting the fault, this description will not suffice to describe the fault signal propagation; hence, a distributed models is needed, which is given in terms of the telegraph equations. Those equations were used to derive a transmission line transfer function, and an exact analytical description of the fault signal propagating in the transmission line was obtained. The analytical solution was verified both by numerical simulations and experimentally.

Original languageEnglish
Article number980
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2022


  • Fault location
  • Real-time


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