TY - UNPB

T1 - Rainbow trees in uniformly edge-coloured graphs

AU - Aigner-Horev, Elad

AU - Hefetz, Dan

AU - Lahiri, Abhiruk

N1 - 19 pages

PY - 2021/5/18

Y1 - 2021/5/18

N2 - We obtain sufficient conditions for the emergence of spanning and almost-spanning bounded-degree {\sl rainbow} trees in various host graphs, having their edges coloured independently and uniformly at random, using a predetermined palette. Our first result asserts that a uniform colouring of $\mathbb{G}(n,\omega(1)/n)$, using a palette of size $n$, a.a.s. admits a rainbow copy of any given bounded-degree tree on at most $(1-\varepsilon)n$ vertices, where $\varepsilon > 0$ is arbitrarily small yet fixed. This serves as a rainbow variant of a classical result by Alon, Krivelevich, and Sudakov pertaining to the embedding of bounded-degree almost-spanning prescribed trees in $\mathbb{G}(n,C/n)$, where $C > 0$ is independent of $n$. Given an $n$-vertex graph $G$ with minimum degree at least $\delta n$, where $\delta > 0$ is fixed, we use our aforementioned result in order to prove that a uniform colouring of the randomly perturbed graph $G \cup \mathbb{G}(n,\omega(1)/n)$, using $(1+\alpha)n$ colours, where $\alpha > 0$ is arbitrarily small yet fixed, a.a.s. admits a rainbow copy of any given bounded-degree {\sl spanning} tree. This can be viewed as a rainbow variant of a result by Krivelevich, Kwan, and Sudakov who proved that $G \cup \mathbb{G}(n,C/n)$, where $C > 0$ is independent of $n$, a.a.s. admits a copy of any given bounded-degree spanning tree. Finally, and with $G$ as above, we prove that a uniform colouring of $G \cup \mathbb{G}(n,\omega(n^{-2}))$ using $n-1$ colours a.a.s. admits a rainbow spanning tree. Put another way, the trivial lower bound on the size of the palette required for supporting a rainbow spanning tree is also sufficient, essentially as soon as the random perturbation a.a.s. has edges.

AB - We obtain sufficient conditions for the emergence of spanning and almost-spanning bounded-degree {\sl rainbow} trees in various host graphs, having their edges coloured independently and uniformly at random, using a predetermined palette. Our first result asserts that a uniform colouring of $\mathbb{G}(n,\omega(1)/n)$, using a palette of size $n$, a.a.s. admits a rainbow copy of any given bounded-degree tree on at most $(1-\varepsilon)n$ vertices, where $\varepsilon > 0$ is arbitrarily small yet fixed. This serves as a rainbow variant of a classical result by Alon, Krivelevich, and Sudakov pertaining to the embedding of bounded-degree almost-spanning prescribed trees in $\mathbb{G}(n,C/n)$, where $C > 0$ is independent of $n$. Given an $n$-vertex graph $G$ with minimum degree at least $\delta n$, where $\delta > 0$ is fixed, we use our aforementioned result in order to prove that a uniform colouring of the randomly perturbed graph $G \cup \mathbb{G}(n,\omega(1)/n)$, using $(1+\alpha)n$ colours, where $\alpha > 0$ is arbitrarily small yet fixed, a.a.s. admits a rainbow copy of any given bounded-degree {\sl spanning} tree. This can be viewed as a rainbow variant of a result by Krivelevich, Kwan, and Sudakov who proved that $G \cup \mathbb{G}(n,C/n)$, where $C > 0$ is independent of $n$, a.a.s. admits a copy of any given bounded-degree spanning tree. Finally, and with $G$ as above, we prove that a uniform colouring of $G \cup \mathbb{G}(n,\omega(n^{-2}))$ using $n-1$ colours a.a.s. admits a rainbow spanning tree. Put another way, the trivial lower bound on the size of the palette required for supporting a rainbow spanning tree is also sufficient, essentially as soon as the random perturbation a.a.s. has edges.

KW - math.CO

M3 - פרסום מוקדם

BT - Rainbow trees in uniformly edge-coloured graphs

ER -