Psychological Factors Predicting Functional Ability and Participation After Hip Fracture

Orit Segev-Jacubovski, Hagit Magen, Adina Maeir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Importance: Positive psychological factors have been related to better outcomes among adults with various health conditions. Objective: To predict functional ability and participation in older adults who had experienced a hip fracture on the basis of data at admission to acute (inpatient) rehabilitation. We measured physical factors, as well as positive and negative psychological factors, at three time points. Design: Prospective and cross-sectional cohort study. Data collection occurred during admission, at discharge, and 6 mo after rehabilitation. Setting: Inpatient geriatric rehabilitation center and follow-up at home. Participants: Seventy-one older adults (M age 5 78.58 yr, SD 5 6.09) who had sustained a hip fracture because of a fall and who attended acute rehabilitation; 55 completed follow-up assessments 6 mo after discharge from rehabilitation. Measures: Participants completed the Adult Hope Scale, Life Orientation Test, Positive Affect Questionnaire, Geriatric Depression Scale (at admission only), hand-grip strength measures, Numeric Pain Rating Scale, and FIM® Motor domain (mFIM) before and after acute rehabilitation and after 6 mo. The Activity Card Sort (ACS) was administered only at follow-up. Outcome measures were the mFIM and ACS. Results: At 6-mo follow-up, functional ability was correlated more with optimism than with age, gender, or hand-grip strength measured at admission. Participation was predicted by age, the hope–agency component, and pain in walking at admission; however, the hope–agency component was only marginally significant. At discharge, functional ability was strongly predicted by age, hand-grip strength, and mFIM scores at admission. Conclusions and Relevance: Optimism and hope played a role in explaining rehabilitation outcomes at 6-mo follow-up. Occupational therapy evaluation should address positive psychological factors, and intervention should aim to strengthen these factors as powerful aids in older adults’ recovery from hip fractures. What This Article Adds: This study reflects the philosophy of occupational therapy, which places great emphasis on the connection between clients’ mind–body–spirit and their participation in daily life occupations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7603205080
JournalAmerican Journal of Occupational Therapy
Volume76
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022

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