Proximal attrition facets: Morphometric, demographic, and aging characteristics

Rachel Sarig, Israel Hershkovitz, Nir Shvalb, Tatiana Sella-Tunis, Hila May, Alexander D. Vardimon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Although interproximal attrition is considered to be limited in modern populations, it has important clinical implications. However, in contrast to occlusal attrition, proximal attrition receives limited scientific attention. The main purpose of the current study was to fill this void. Seven-hundred and sixty-five teeth were collected from 255 skulls of subjects 18-75 yr of age. For each individual, three mandibular teeth (the first and second premolars and the first molar) were examined for proximal attrition facets (PAFs). The results provide detailed information on the size, shape, and location of the facets according to age cohort, gender, and ethnicity. The validity of the method used to measure the facets was also examined. The major findings were as follows: PAFs are usually located on the upper half of the crown proximal aspect; in each tooth, the mesial facet is more lingually positioned and the distal facet is more buccally positioned; the majority of the facets are subrectangular in shape; the size of the facets tends to increase in an anteroposterior direction (from premolars to molars); and facet size and location are age- and sex-dependent and ethnicity-independent. It is our recommendation that dentists bear in mind that interproximal attrition is a dynamic, long-term process and needs to be considered in many clinical scenarios.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-278
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Oral Sciences
Volume122
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Attrition facet
  • Dental wear
  • Occlusal attrition

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