Predicting Individual Function During COVID-19 Lockdown: Depression, Fear of COVID-19, Age, and Employment

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Abstract

This study aims to identify the significance of age and employment to individual function during COVID-19. An online survey included 509 Israeli citizens, ages 18–78, who reported individual function, depression, fears related to COVID-19 and demographic characteristics. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis showed a good fit between our model and the data. Age and employment were negatively associated with depression and economic fears related to COVID-19 that, in turn, were negatively associated with individual function. The effect of age and employment on individual function was fully mediated via depression and economic fears related to COVID-19. The discussion addresses our findings in the context of the victimization paradox. Although COVID-19 related health complications are more frequent among older adults, our results suggest that practitioners responsible for public mental health during viral pandemics should consider young age and unemployment as risk factors for depression and low individual function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number682122
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • age
  • depression
  • employment
  • fear of COVID-19
  • function
  • unemployment

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