Predicting acute kidney injury following open partial nephrectomy treatment using SAT-pruned explainable machine learning model

Teddy Lazebnik, Zaher Bahouth, Svetlana Bunimovich-Mendrazitsky, Sarel Halachmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: One of the most prevalent complications of Partial Nephrectomy (PN) is Acute Kidney Injury (AKI), which could have a negative impact on subsequent renal function and occurs in up to 24.3% of patients undergoing PN. The aim of this study was to predict the occurrence of AKI following PN using preoperative parameters by applying machine learning algorithms. Methods: We included all adult patients (n = 723) who underwent open PN in our department since 1995 and on whom we have data on the pre-operative renal function. We developed a random forest (RF) model with Boolean satisfaction-based pruned decision trees for binary classification (AKI or non-AKI). Hyper-parameter grid search was performed to optimize the model's performance. Fivefold cross-validation was applied to evaluate the model. We implemented a RF model with greedy feature selection to binary classify AKI and non-AKI cases based on pre-operative data. Results: The best model obtained a 0.69 precision and 0.69 recall in classifying the AKI and non-AKI groups on average (k = 5). In addition, the model's probability to correctly classify a new prediction is 0.75. The proposed model is available as an online calculator. Conclusions: Our model predicts the occurrence of AKI following open PN with (75%) accuracy. We plan to externally validate this model and modify it to minimally-invasive PN.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133
JournalBMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • AKI prediction
  • PN treatment complication prediction
  • SAT pruned random forest

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