Permanent cardiac pacing in octogenarians

S. Rosenheck, M. Geist, A. Weiss, Y. Hasin, T. A. Weiss, M. S. Gotsman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


A significant percentage of patients in need of a permanent pacemaker are older than 80 years. The implantation policy may be determined either by the patient's physical activity or by chronologic age. The trend in pacemaker implantation in patients over 80 during the last 10 years in our institution was evaluated and compared with the trend in the patients younger than 80 at the time of implantation. Of 519 patients who had primary pacemaker implantation, 152 (29%) were older than 80 at the time of the procedure. Another 189 patients had second implantation procedures, and 80% of them were older than 80 years. Complete atrioventricular block was the indication for pacing in 44 ± 11% and sick sinus syndrome in 25 ± 7%. The tendency to implant dual-chamber pacemakers increased from 0% during 1985 to 76% in 1994, including 69% DDD and 31% DDDR, but the transition was faster in the younger group. By 1994, there was no difference in the incidence of advanced pacing systems in the 2 age groups. During 1985, only VVI pacemakers were replaced, and during 1994, less than 10% were replaced with simple ventricular pacing units. Pacing system upgrading was frequent during the second half of the decade. The success and complication rate of implantation did not differ in the 2 groups.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-47
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Cardiology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes


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