Oxygen vacancies in nano-sized TiO2 anatase nanoparticles

Valeriya S. Drozd, Nadezhda A. Zybina, Kristina E. Abramova, Mikhail Yu Parfenov, Umesh Kumar, Héctor Valdés, Panagiotis G. Smirniotis, Alexander V. Vorontsov

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26 Scopus citations


Anatase nanoparticles containing surface oxygen vacancies (VO) and Ti3+ are of great importance for applications in photocatalysis, batteries, catalysis, sensors among other uses. The properties of VO and their dependence on the size of nanoparticles are of great research interest and could allow obtaining advanced functional materials. In this work, a complete set of oxygen vacancies in an anatase nanoparticle of size 1.1 nm was investigated and compared to those of a twice larger nanoparticle, having the same shape and surface hydroxylation pattern. It turned out that the decrease in the size of the anatase nanoparticle strongly facilitated creation of surface oxygen vacancies and Ti3+. After their creation, oxygen vacancies undergo three transformation paths — (1) small repulsion of surrounding Ti cations with retention of the vacancy, (2) transfer of oxygen anion, leading to the movement of oxygen vacancy to a more stable position, and (3) collapse of oxygen vacancy accompanied by structure deformation towards Magneli-like phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115009
JournalSolid State Ionics
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Anatase
  • DFT
  • Oxygen vacancies
  • Photocatalysis
  • TiO nanoparticles
  • pm6


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