Optical fiber point sensors based on forward Brillouin scattering

Keren Shemer, Gil Bashan, Elad Zehavi, Hilel Hagai Diamandi, Alon Bernstein, Kavita Sharma, Yosef London, David Barrera, Salvador Sales, Arik Bergman, Avi Zadok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Forward Brillouin scattering interactions support the sensing and analysis of media outside the cladding boundaries of standard fibers, where light cannot reach. Quantitative point-sensing based on this principle has yet to be reported. In this work, we report a forward Brillouin scattering point-sensor in a commercially available, off-the-shelf multi-core fiber. Pump light at the inner, on-axis core of the fiber is used to stimulate a guided acoustic mode of the entire fiber cross-section. The acoustic wave, in turn, induces photoelastic perturbations to the reflectivity of a Bragg grating inscribed in an outer, off-axis core of the same fiber. The measurements successfully analyze refractive index perturbations on the tenth decimal point and distinguish between ethanol and water outside the centimeter-long grating. The measured forward Brillouin scattering linewidths agree with predictions. The acquired spectra are unaffected by forward Brillouin scattering outside the grating region. The results add point-analysis to the portfolio of forward Brillouin scattering optical fiber sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)39321-39328
Number of pages8
JournalOptics Express
Volume30
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - 24 Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes

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