TY - JOUR

T1 - On r-connected graphs with no semi-topological r-wheel

AU - Horev, Elad

AU - Lomonosov, Michael

PY - 2013/3

Y1 - 2013/3

N2 - A semi-topological r-wheel, denoted by Sr, is a subdivision of the r-wheel preserving the spokes. This paper describes the r-connected graphs having no Sr-subgraphs. For r>3, these are shown to be only Kr,r, while the class H of 3-connected S3-free graphs is unexpectedly rich. First, every graph G in H has an efficiently recognizable set of "contractible edges" (sometimes empty) such that a contraction minor G/F belongs to H if and only if F is a part of this set. So, the subclass H0 of ante-contraction members of H plays a key role. Second, the members of H0 have 3-edge cuts. The familiar cactus representation of minimum edge cuts (Dinits et al., in: Issledovaniya po Diskretnoy Optimizatsii, Nauka, Moscow, pp. 290-306, 1976 (Russian); also A. Schrijver, Combinatorial Optimization (Polyhedra and Efficiency), Algorithms and Combinatorics, Vol. 24, Springer, 2003, p. 253) maps H0 onto the class of trees whose internal vertices have even degrees, equal to 6 for any vertex adjacent to a leaf. The description of H0 (quite concise as expressed in appropriate terms) refers to the explicit reconstruction of the reverse image of such a tree. We also derive the upper bound (2r-3)(n-r+1) on the number of edges in an arbitrary n-vertex Sr-free graph, r≥4, and conjecture that its maximum equals (r-1)(n-r+1)+r-12.

AB - A semi-topological r-wheel, denoted by Sr, is a subdivision of the r-wheel preserving the spokes. This paper describes the r-connected graphs having no Sr-subgraphs. For r>3, these are shown to be only Kr,r, while the class H of 3-connected S3-free graphs is unexpectedly rich. First, every graph G in H has an efficiently recognizable set of "contractible edges" (sometimes empty) such that a contraction minor G/F belongs to H if and only if F is a part of this set. So, the subclass H0 of ante-contraction members of H plays a key role. Second, the members of H0 have 3-edge cuts. The familiar cactus representation of minimum edge cuts (Dinits et al., in: Issledovaniya po Diskretnoy Optimizatsii, Nauka, Moscow, pp. 290-306, 1976 (Russian); also A. Schrijver, Combinatorial Optimization (Polyhedra and Efficiency), Algorithms and Combinatorics, Vol. 24, Springer, 2003, p. 253) maps H0 onto the class of trees whose internal vertices have even degrees, equal to 6 for any vertex adjacent to a leaf. The description of H0 (quite concise as expressed in appropriate terms) refers to the explicit reconstruction of the reverse image of such a tree. We also derive the upper bound (2r-3)(n-r+1) on the number of edges in an arbitrary n-vertex Sr-free graph, r≥4, and conjecture that its maximum equals (r-1)(n-r+1)+r-12.

KW - A-separator

KW - semi-topological r-wheel

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872922647&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/jgt.21642

DO - 10.1002/jgt.21642

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AN - SCOPUS:84872922647

SN - 0364-9024

VL - 72

SP - 267

EP - 290

JO - Journal of Graph Theory

JF - Journal of Graph Theory

IS - 3

ER -