## Abstract

A well known result by Kilian [22] (ACM 1988) asserts that general secure two computation (2PC) with statistical security, can be based on OT. Specifically, in the client-server model, where only one party – the client – receives an output, Kilian’s result shows that given the ability to call an ideal oracle that computes OT, two parties can securely compute an arbitrary function of their inputs with unconditional security. Ishai et al. [19] (EUROCRYPT 2011) further showed that this can be done efficiently for every two-party functionality in NC^{1} in a single round. However, their results only achieve statistical security, namely, it is allowed to have some error in security. This leaves open the natural question as to which client-server functionalities can be computed with perfect security in the OT-hybrid model, and what is the round complexity of such computation. So far, only a handful of functionalities were known to have such protocols. In addition to the obvious theoretical appeal of the question towards better understanding secure computation, perfect, as opposed to statistical reductions, may be useful for designing secure multiparty protocols with high concrete efficiency, achieved by eliminating the dependence on a security parameter. In this work, we identify a large class of client-server functionalities (formula presented), where the server’s domain (formula presented) is larger than the client’s domain X, that have a perfect reduction to OT. Furthermore, our reduction is 1-round using an oracle to secure evaluation of many parallel invocations of (formula presented), as done by Ishai et al. [19] (EUROCRYPT 2011). Interestingly, the set of functions that we are able to compute was previously identified by Asharov [2] (TCC 2014) in the context of fairness in two-party computation, naming these functions full-dimensional. Our result also extends to randomized non-Boolean functions (formula presented) satisfying (formula presented).

Original language | English |
---|---|

Title of host publication | Theory of Cryptography - 17th International Conference, TCC 2019, Proceedings |

Editors | Dennis Hofheinz, Alon Rosen |

Pages | 561-595 |

Number of pages | 35 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 2019 |

Event | 17th International Conference on Theory of Cryptography, TCC 2019 - Nuremberg, Germany Duration: 1 Dec 2019 → 5 Dec 2019 |

### Publication series

Name | Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics) |
---|---|

Volume | 11891 LNCS |

ISSN (Print) | 0302-9743 |

ISSN (Electronic) | 1611-3349 |

### Conference

Conference | 17th International Conference on Theory of Cryptography, TCC 2019 |
---|---|

Country/Territory | Germany |

City | Nuremberg |

Period | 1/12/19 → 5/12/19 |

## Keywords

- Cryptography
- Arbitrary functions
- Client-server models
- Multi-party protocols
- Secure computation
- Security parameters
- Statistical securities
- Two-party computation;
- Unconditional security
- Boolean algebra