TY - JOUR

T1 - On Convex Geometric Graphs with no k+ 1 Pairwise Disjoint Edges

AU - Keller, Chaya

AU - Perles, Micha A.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, Springer Japan.

PY - 2016/11/1

Y1 - 2016/11/1

N2 - A well-known result of Kupitz from 1982 asserts that the maximal number of edges in a convex geometric graph (CGG) on n vertices that does not contain k+ 1 pairwise disjoint edges is kn (provided n> 2 k). For k= 1 and k= n/ 2 - 1 , the extremal examples are completely characterized. For all other values of k, the structure of the extremal examples is far from known: their total number is unknown, and only a few classes of examples were presented, that are almost symmetric, consisting roughly of the kn “longest possible” edges of CK(n), the complete CGG of order n. In order to understand further the structure of the extremal examples, we present a class of extremal examples that lie at the other end of the spectrum. Namely, we break the symmetry by requiring that, in addition, the graph admit an independent set that consists of q consecutive vertices on the boundary of the convex hull. We show that such graphs exist as long as q≤ n- 2 k and that this value of q is optimal. We generalize our discussion to the following question: what is the maximal possible number f(n, k, q) of edges in a CGG on n vertices that does not contain k+ 1 pairwise disjoint edges, and, in addition, admits an independent set that consists of q consecutive vertices on the boundary of the convex hull? We provide a complete answer to this question, determining f(n, k, q) for all relevant values of n, k and q.

AB - A well-known result of Kupitz from 1982 asserts that the maximal number of edges in a convex geometric graph (CGG) on n vertices that does not contain k+ 1 pairwise disjoint edges is kn (provided n> 2 k). For k= 1 and k= n/ 2 - 1 , the extremal examples are completely characterized. For all other values of k, the structure of the extremal examples is far from known: their total number is unknown, and only a few classes of examples were presented, that are almost symmetric, consisting roughly of the kn “longest possible” edges of CK(n), the complete CGG of order n. In order to understand further the structure of the extremal examples, we present a class of extremal examples that lie at the other end of the spectrum. Namely, we break the symmetry by requiring that, in addition, the graph admit an independent set that consists of q consecutive vertices on the boundary of the convex hull. We show that such graphs exist as long as q≤ n- 2 k and that this value of q is optimal. We generalize our discussion to the following question: what is the maximal possible number f(n, k, q) of edges in a CGG on n vertices that does not contain k+ 1 pairwise disjoint edges, and, in addition, admits an independent set that consists of q consecutive vertices on the boundary of the convex hull? We provide a complete answer to this question, determining f(n, k, q) for all relevant values of n, k and q.

KW - Geometric graphs

KW - Matching-free graph

KW - Turán-type problems

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84973129237&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s00373-016-1719-6

DO - 10.1007/s00373-016-1719-6

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AN - SCOPUS:84973129237

SN - 0911-0119

VL - 32

SP - 2497

EP - 2514

JO - Graphs and Combinatorics

JF - Graphs and Combinatorics

IS - 6

ER -