Nutrigenetics of antioxidant enzymes and micronutrient needs in the context of viral infections

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3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sustaining adequate nutritional needs of a population is a challenging task in normal times and a priority in times of crisis. There is no 'one-size-fits-all' solution that addresses nutrition. In relevance to the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic crisis, viral infections in general and RNA viruses in particular are known to induce and promote oxidative stress, consequently increasing the body's demand for micronutrients, especially those related to antioxidant enzymic systems, thus draining the body of micronutrients, and so hindering the human body's ability to cope optimally with oxidative stress. Common polymorphisms in major antioxidant enzymes, with world population minor allele frequencies ranging from 0·5 to 50 %, are related to altered enzymic function, with substantial potential effects on the body's ability to cope with viral infection-induced oxidative stress. In this review we highlight common SNP of the major antioxidant enzymes relevant to nutritional components in the context of viral infections, namely: superoxide dismutases, glutathione peroxidases and catalase. We delineate functional polymorphisms in several human antioxidant enzymes that require, especially during a viral crisis, adequate and potentially additional nutritional support to cope with the pathological consequences of disease. Thus, in face of the COVID-19 pandemic, nutrition should be tightly monitored and possibly supplemented, with special attention to those carrying common polymorphisms in antioxidant enzymes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-184
Number of pages11
JournalNutrition Research Reviews
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Antioxidant enzymes
  • Nutrigenetics
  • Oxidative stress
  • Viral infections

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