Nonionic detergent micelle aggregates: An economical alternative to protein A chromatography

Gunasekaran Dhandapani, Ellen Wachtel, Mordechai Sheves, Guy Patchornik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have recently described a non-chromatographic, ligand-free approach for antibody (Ab) purification based on specially designed [Tween-20:bathophenanthroline:Fe2+] aggregates. To assess the potential generality of this approach, a variety of detergents belonging to four nonionic detergent families (Tween, Brij, Triton and Pluronic) have now been studied. All surfactant aggregates led to high purity of the recovered Ab's (>95 %, by gel densitometry). Good overall Ab recovery yields were observed with Tween-20 (80–83 %), Brij-O20 (85–87 %) and Triton X-100 (87−90 %), while Pluronic F-127 was less efficient (42–53 %). Of additional importance is the finding that the process was performed by filtration rather than centrifugation, thereby allowing a continuous purification mode that led to the recovery of monomeric IgG, as determined by dynamic light scattering and preservation of Ab specificity as measured by ELISA. The amphiphilic chelator, bathophenanthroline (batho) was recycled almost quantitatively (95 %) by crystallization. Good IgG recovery yields of ∼80 % were also observed when Ab concentrations were increased from 1 mg/mL to 3−5 mg/mL. Potential advantages of the purification platform for industrial downstream processing of therapeutic monoclonal antibodies, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-98
Number of pages9
JournalNew Biotechnology
Volume61
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Antibody purification
  • Micelles
  • Protein A
  • Separation

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