Neural-Network-Based Target Classification and Range Detection by CW MMW Radar

Yair Richter, Nezah Balal, Yosef Pinhasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This study presents a reliable classification of walking pedestrians and animals using a radar operating in the millimeter waves (mmW) regime. In addition to the defined targets, additional targets were added in an attempt to fool the radar and to present the robustness of the proposed technique. In addition to the classification capabilities, the presented scheme allowed for the ability to detect the range of targets. The classification was achieved using a deep neural network (DNN) architecture, which received the recordings from the radar as an input after the pre-processing procedure. Qualitative detection was made possible due to the radar’s operation at extremely high frequencies so that even the tiny movements of limbs influenced the detection, thus enabling the high-quality classification of various targets. The classification results presented a high achievable accuracy even in the case where the targets attempted to fool the radar and mimicked other targets. The combination of the use of high frequencies alongside neural-network-based classification demonstrated the superiority of the proposed scheme in this research over the state of the art. The neural network was analyzed with the help of interpretable tools such as explainable AI (XAI) to achieve a better understanding of the DNN’s decision-making process and the mechanisms via which it was able to perform multiple tasks at once.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4553
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number18
StatePublished - Sep 2023


  • XAI
  • activity detection radar
  • deep learning
  • deep radar
  • explainable AI
  • micro-Doppler radar
  • millimeter wave radar
  • neural network
  • target classification radar


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