Nanomaterials as Redox Mediators in Laccase-Based Amperometric Biosensors for Catechol Assay

Olha Demkiv, Galina Gayda, Nataliya Stasyuk, Olena Brahinetz, Mykhailo Gonchar, Marina Nisnevitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laccase is a copper-containing enzyme that does not require hydrogen peroxide as a co-substrate or additional cofactors for an enzymatic reaction. Nanomaterials of various chemical structures are usually applied to the construction of enzyme-based biosensors. Metals, metal oxides, semiconductors, and composite NPs perform various functions in electrochemical transformation schemes as a platform for the enzyme immobilization, a mediator of an electron transfer, and a signal amplifier. We describe here the development of amperometric biosensors (ABSs) based on laccase and redox-active micro/nanoparticles (hereafter—NPs), which were immobilized on a graphite electrode (GE). For this purpose, we isolated a highly purified enzyme from the fungus Trametes zonatus, and then synthesized bi- and trimetallic NPs of noble and transition metals, as well as hexacyanoferrates (HCF) of noble metals; these were layered onto the surfaces of GEs. The electroactivity of many of the NPs immobilized on the GEs was characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV) experiments. The most effective mediators of electron transfer were selected as the platform for the development of laccase-based ABSs. As a result, a number of catechol-sensitive ABSs were constructed and characterized. The laccase/CuCo/GE was demonstrated to possess the highest sensitivity to catechol (4523 A·M−1·m−2) among the tested ABSs. The proposed ABSs may be promising for the analysis of phenolic derivatives in real samples of drinking water, wastewater, and food products.

Original languageEnglish
Article number741
JournalBiosensors
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Keywords

  • amperometric biosensor
  • catechol analysis
  • electroactive nanoparticles
  • laccase

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