MoS2and WS2Nanotubes: Synthesis, Structural Elucidation, and Optical Characterization

Sudarson S. Sinha, Lena Yadgarov, Sokhrab B. Aliev, Yishay Feldman, Iddo Pinkas, Pallellappa Chithaiah, Saptarshi Ghosh, Alexander Idelevich, Alla Zak, Reshef Tenne

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39 Scopus citations

Abstract

The synthesis of high-quality WS2 and more so of MoS2 (multiwall) nanotubes in substantial amounts from oxide precursors is a very challenging and important undertaking. While progress has been offered by a recent report, the present work presents another step forward in the synthesis of MoS2 nanotubes with a narrow size distribution and better crystallinity than before. Williamson-Hall analysis of the X-ray diffraction data is used to analyze the crystallinity and strain in the nanotubes. This analysis shows that the crystallinity and average diameter of the WS2 and MoS2 nanotubes reported here (type II) are better than those obtained according to the previous methods (type I). Size selection by centrifugation reported by others is used here to prepare several fractions of WS2 and MoS2 nanotubes according to their average diameter. The high refractive index of WS2 and more so MoS2 enables the nanotubes to trap light by total internal reflection, turning them into nanocylindrical resonators and thereby supporting cavity-mode resonances. The extinction, net absorption, and transient absorption of suspensions of MoS2 and WS2 nanotubes of different (average) diameters were investigated. A strong coupling effect between optical cavity modes and the A and B excitons was observed for the WS2 and MoS2 nanotubes with diameters above 80 and 60 nm, respectively. These conclusions are also supported by transient absorption measurements. Finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) calculations support the experimental findings, confirming the strong coupling effect in the WS2 and MoS2 nanotubes. These results are important not only for their own sake but also because they may bear on the new photocatalytic applications of such nanotubes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6324-6340
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume125
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Mar 2021

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