Modeling and Simulation of Technological Processes for Producing and Refining Steel

Vladislav Boronenkov, Michael Zinigrad, Leopold Leontiev, Edward Pastukhov, Mikhail Shalimov, Sergey Shanchurov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The production of metals with required chemical composition in steelmaking plants is a very difficult problem, because it is associated with the occurrence of complex physicochemical processes. The greatest contribution to shaping the composition of the products of a melting process is made by the chemical reactions that occur on the various phase boundaries in the metal–slag–gas system. A comprehensive study of their laws is needed to perfect existing technological processes, to develop new technological processes, and to introduce them into practice. Prediction of the chemical composition of the metal and the slag based on mathematical modeling of the phase interaction not only opens up additional routes for improving the economic parameters of technological processes, but also allows their optimization in the design stage. Kinetic analysis methods that are known and that we developed, thermodynamic and kinetic parameters that have been obtained, and data concerning the mechanism of individual steps of heterogeneous reactions were used to create mathematical models that enabled us to predict the composition and mass of the phases for different variants of metal production and refinement processes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEngineering Materials
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Number of pages53
StatePublished - 2012

Publication series

NameEngineering Materials
ISSN (Print)1612-1317
ISSN (Electronic)1868-1212


  • Calcium Fluoride
  • Ladle Treatment
  • Melting Period
  • Metal Pool
  • Nonmetallic Inclusion


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