Mind Sports: Exploring Motivation and Use of Cognitive Strategies in Bridge

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The game of Bridge is one of the world’s most widely played mind-sport games. A growing number of people consider it a meaningful leisure activity and are motivated to play. The aim of this study was to describe a sample of Bridge players in Israel in terms of demographics, player records, motivations, and cognitive strategies used to play Bridge and examine the associations between these variables. A sample of 488 Bridge players’ completed an online demographic questionnaire, the Bridge Motivational Factors Checklist, and the Bridge Cognitive Strategies Questionnaire. Most players in the study were men with a mean age of 68.7 years and a Bridge player level between Vice Master and Senior Master. Most players play bridge because “bridge is a fun game”. Strategy use that occurred in-game (versus pre- or postgame) obtained the highest mean score. Because Bridge is a strategy game that can be played from childhood to older adulthood, it is important to continue research to further understand the nature and different aspects of the cognitive strategy used among Bridge players and in other mind sports.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4968
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • bridge
  • cognitive strategies
  • intellectual skills
  • mental exercise
  • mind sport


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