Methyl formate and dimethyl ether electro-oxidation on Pt–Pd–Sn catalyst supported on carbon nanotube decorated with carbon dots

V. B. Kumar, D. Kashyap, H. Teller, M. G. Gebru, A. Gedanken, A. Schechter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, methyl formate (MF) and dimethyl ether (DME) electro-oxidation was studied on equimolar ratio Pt–Pd–Sn catalyst supported on Vulcan Carbon XC-72, carbon nanotubes (CNT), and CNT–nitrogen-doped carbon dots (NCDs) composite. The ternary catalyst was synthesized by the ethylene glycol-assisted thermal reduction method and NCDs were synthesized by a hydrothermal method in the presence of CNT to form CNT-NCDs composite, in which the NCDs are incorporated onto the CNT surface. The activity of the catalyst in the oxidation of MF and DME was analyzed using cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometry techniques. The ternary catalyst supported on CNT-NCDs composite (Pt1Pd1Sn1/CNT-NCDs) showed a peak oxidation current of 75 mA/mg and 365 mA/mg for DME and MF, respectively, highest among the studied Pt1Pd1Sn1/XC-72 and Pt1Pd1Sn1/CNT. The onset potential of DME on Pt1Pd1Sn1/CNT-NCDs catalyst shifted negatively by ∼200 mV compared to PtRu. Irrespective of the support material, the ternary catalysts showed a significant negative shift in the onset and peak potential of –COad oxidation compared with commercial PtRu. The oxidation behavior of MF was studied in conjugation with its hydrolysis products methanol, formic acid, and mixed fuel (formic acid + methanol) solution, which disapproves the earlier proposed acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of MF to a significant degree during the electrochemical experiment. Hence, the CNT-NCDs supported ternary catalyst showed high catalytic activity and stability for electro-oxidation of DME and MF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100095
JournalMaterials Today Sustainability
Volume17
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Dimethyl ether oxidation
  • Direct liquid fuel cells
  • Methyl formate oxidation
  • Nitrogen-doped carbon dots
  • Ternary catalyst

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