Metastatic cardiac tumors: From clinical presentation through diagnosis to treatment

Ivana Burazor, Sarit Aviel-Ronen, Massimo Imazio, Orly Goitein, Marina Perelman, Natalia Shelestovich, Ninoslav Radovanovic, Vladimir Kanjuh, Iris Barshack, Yehuda Adler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: To evaluate the prevalence of metastatic tumors involving the myocardium and study their presentation in order to increase awareness to their existence. Methods: Pathological reports from Sheba Medical Center (Israel, January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2015) and medical records from The Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases of Vojvodina, Sremska Kamenica (Serbia, 23years period) were screened for cases of metastatic cardiac tumors. Medical, radiological and pathological data of identified cases was retrieved and reviewed. Results: Out of thousands of registered cardiac surgeries we found less than a dozen cases of metastatic cardiac tumors classified as melanoma, carcinomas of lung, colon and kidney and sarcomas of uterine origin. We found that metastatic cardiac tumors comprised 15.8% of all the cardiac tumors. Conclusions: Metastatic cardiac tumors are extremely rare. As new diagnostic technologies and improved survival of oncological patients may increase the incidence of metastatic cardiac tumors in the future, awareness to their existence and knowledge of their presentation are key factors in their timely recognition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number202
JournalBMC Cancer
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Feb 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Melanoma
  • Metastatic carcinoma
  • Metastatic cardiac tumors
  • Metastatic sarcoma
  • Myocardium

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