Metallic nanoparticles obtained via "green" synthesis as a platform for biosensor construction

Galina Z. Gayda, Olha M. Demkiv, Nataliya Ye Stasyuk, Roman Ya Serkiz, Maksym D. Lootsik, Abdelhamid Errachid, Mykhailo V. Gonchar, Marina Nisnevitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Novel nanomaterials, including metallic nanoparticles obtained via green synthesis (gNPs), have a great potential for application in biotechnology, industry and medicine. The special role of gNPs is related to antibacterial agents, fluorescent markers and carriers for drug delivery. However, application of gNPs for construction of amperometric biosensors (ABSs) is not well documented. The aim of the current research was to study potential advantages of using gNPs in biosensorics. The extracellular metabolites of the yeast Ogataea polymorpha were used as reducing agents for obtaining gNPs from the corresponding inorganic ions. Several gNPs were synthesized, characterized and tested as enzyme carriers on the surface of graphite electrodes (GEs). The most effective were Pd-based gNPs (gPdNPs), and these were studied further and applied for construction of laccase- and alcohol oxidase (AO)-based ABSs. AO/GE, AO-gPdNPs/GE, laccase/GE and laccase-gPdNPs/GE were obtained, and their analytical characteristics were studied. Both gPdNPs-modified ABSs were found to have broader linear ranges and higher storage stabilities than control electrodes, although they are less sensitive toward corresponding substrates. We thus conclude that gPdNPs may be promising for construction of ABSs for enzymes with very high affinities to their substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Article number720
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Alcohol oxidase
  • Amperometric biosensors
  • Extracellular metabolites
  • Green synthesis
  • Laccase
  • Metallic nanoparticles
  • Yeast Ogataea polymorpha

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