Laughing all the way to the lockdown: On humor, optimism, and well-being during COVID-19

Abira Reizer, Yifat Munk, Lotem Katz Frankfurter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


The present paper examined the contribution of optimism and humor styles to well-being during the COVID-19 lockdown period. Furthermore, we examined whether these direct associations were mediated by two common COVID-19 challenges––work-family interface (WFI) and COVID-19 fears. Israeli employees (N = 356) completed an online survey during lockdown restrictions (69% women, 57.20% held academic degrees, Mage = 30.70, age-range = 20–61). Both optimism and adaptive humor revealed a positive and direct effect on well-being. Furthermore, mediation analyses indicated that both fear of COVID-19 and WFI mediated the direct associations between optimism and well-being, as well as the direct associations between maladaptive humor and well-being, whereas WFI mediated the association between adaptive humor and well-being. These findings stress the need to adapt interventions derived from positive psychology to enhance well-being during these challenging times of COVID-19.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111164
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
StatePublished - Jan 2022


  • Fear of COVID-19
  • Humor
  • Lockdown
  • Optimism
  • WFI
  • Well-being


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