Intention to Leave the Profession: Welfare Social Workers Compared to Health Care and Community Social Workers in Israel

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Abstract

This study aimed to compare specific work related-factors (personal factor: length of work experience; structural factors: personal subjection to violence and fear of being subjected to violence; and psychological factors: professional quality of life—compassion satisfaction, burnout, and compassion fatigue) between welfare social workers (SWs) (n = 200) and health care and community SWs (n = 173). Furthermore, since the issue of turnover among SWs has important implications for the provision and programming of social services, the study also aimed to assess the relationship between these factors and SW intention to leave the profession. For the purpose of this study, online questionnaires were distributed to SWs working at social agencies and services. The findings suggest that the two categories of SWs showed a similarity with regard to the association between the personal and structural factors and intention to leave the profession. However, with regard to the psychological factors, the components of professional quality of life were found to operate differently in each category of SWs. It is suggested that future research examine other work-related factors and explore the intention to leave the profession among other social work specializations and employment sectors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)346-357
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Social Service Research
Volume43
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 May 2017

Keywords

  • Intention to leave the social work profession
  • Israel
  • health care and community social workers
  • welfare social workers

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