Integration of orthogonal Fourier profilometry with blood flow mapping for 3D fingertip biometric authentication

Tal Frei-Kagan, Ori Izhak Rosenberg, David Abookasis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present herein the combination of Fourier transform profilometry based orthogonal projection with a laser speckle imaging method to provide three-dimensional (3D) fingertip blood flow imaging and shape reconstruction for biometric authentication purposes. In the proposed approach, orthogonal sinusoidal grating patterns with a fixed spatial frequency emanating from a digital projector first illuminate the surface of a person's finger. Then, the projector is blocked and a laser source illuminates the finger. The projector and laser work alternately such that only one source illuminates the finger at a given time allowing no illumination crosstalk between the two devices. The deformed grating patterns and the diffuse backscattered laser light, respectively, are recorded on the same CCD camera. In the computer, the 3D shape of the finger is reconstructed simultaneously with a blood flow map of the finger. Finally, the images are merged yielding a dynamic flow topography visualization of the person's finger. This dual-modality strategy utilizes the strengths of each imaging method in a complementary way, thus enabling simple 3D shape recovery and characterization of a specific user, and increasing the specificity of authentication security. The method is experimentally validated on both human and fake fingers through VanderLugt optical correlation framework. Overall, the results demonstrate the utility of our proposed approach for biometric authentication. We envision that our optoelectronic setup could be potentially integrated into a wide variety security platform.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129902
JournalOptics Communications
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024


  • Biometric authentication
  • Blood flow topography
  • Fingertip profile
  • Laser speckle imaging
  • Orthogonal Fourier profilometry


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