TY - JOUR

T1 - Influence of interactions on the anomalous quantum Hall effect

AU - Zhang, C. X.

AU - Zubkov, M. A.

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 IOP Publishing Ltd.

PY - 2020/5/15

Y1 - 2020/5/15

N2 - The anomalous quantum Hall conductivity in the 2 + 1 D topological insulators in the absence of interactions may be expressed as the topological invariant composed of the two-point Green function. For the noninteracting system this expression is the alternative way to represent the TKNN invariant. It is widely believed that in the presence of interactions the Hall conductivity is given by the same expression, in which the noninteracting two-point Green function is substituted by the complete two-point Green function with the interactions taken into account. However, the proof of this statement has not been given so far. In the present paper we give such a proof in the framework of the particular tight-binding models of the 2 + 1 D topological insulator. Besides, we extend our consideration to the 3 + 1 D Weyl semimetals. It was known previously that with the interactions neglected the Hall conductivity in those systems is expressed through the two-point Green function in the way similar to that of the 2 + 1 D topological insulators. Again, the influence of interactions on this expression has not been investigated previously. We consider this problem within the framework of the particular 3 + 1 D model of Weyl semimetal in the presence of the contact four-fermion interactions and Coulomb interactions. We prove (up to the one-loop approximation), that the Hall conductivity is given by the same expression as in the noninteracting case, in which the noninteracting Green function is substituted by the complete two-point Green function with the interactions included. Basing on the obtained expressions we discuss the topological phase transitions accompanied by the change of Hall conductivity.

AB - The anomalous quantum Hall conductivity in the 2 + 1 D topological insulators in the absence of interactions may be expressed as the topological invariant composed of the two-point Green function. For the noninteracting system this expression is the alternative way to represent the TKNN invariant. It is widely believed that in the presence of interactions the Hall conductivity is given by the same expression, in which the noninteracting two-point Green function is substituted by the complete two-point Green function with the interactions taken into account. However, the proof of this statement has not been given so far. In the present paper we give such a proof in the framework of the particular tight-binding models of the 2 + 1 D topological insulator. Besides, we extend our consideration to the 3 + 1 D Weyl semimetals. It was known previously that with the interactions neglected the Hall conductivity in those systems is expressed through the two-point Green function in the way similar to that of the 2 + 1 D topological insulators. Again, the influence of interactions on this expression has not been investigated previously. We consider this problem within the framework of the particular 3 + 1 D model of Weyl semimetal in the presence of the contact four-fermion interactions and Coulomb interactions. We prove (up to the one-loop approximation), that the Hall conductivity is given by the same expression as in the noninteracting case, in which the noninteracting Green function is substituted by the complete two-point Green function with the interactions included. Basing on the obtained expressions we discuss the topological phase transitions accompanied by the change of Hall conductivity.

KW - Quantum Hall effect

KW - Weyl semimetal

KW - Wigner-Weyl calculus

KW - topological insulator

KW - topological invariant in momentum space

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85084756670&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1751-8121/ab81d4

DO - 10.1088/1751-8121/ab81d4

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AN - SCOPUS:85084756670

SN - 1751-8113

VL - 53

JO - Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical

JF - Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical

IS - 19

M1 - 195002

ER -