Implicit Theories of Mental Skills Abilities in Collegiate Athletes

Cory T. Shaffer, Gershon Tenenbaum, Robert C. Eklund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We aimed at studying athletes' mental skills-related implicit beliefs and their susceptibility to changes. Collegiate athletes (n = 68) responded to the Theories of Mental Skills scale to determine their implicit beliefs of mental skills abilities within sport. Participants were randomly assigned to read one of two manipulation articles and complete a mental skills task. Following the manipulation, participants' beliefs were reassessed to determine changes from pre- to postmanipulation. The results revealed that implicit beliefs could be manipulated, shedding light on the malleability of implicit beliefs. The findings provide information on the nature of athletes' perceptions of mental skills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)464-476
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Sport Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2 Oct 2015
Externally publishedYes


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