Idiopathic adhesive capsulitis: Long-term results of conservative treatment

Israel Dudkiewicz, Ariel Oran, Moshe Salai, Ram Palti, Moshe Pritsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Background: Adhesive capsulitis, also termed "frozen shoulder," is controversial by definition and diagnostic criteria that are not sufficiently understood. The clinical course of this condition is considered self-limiting and is divided into three clinical phases. Several treatment methods for adhesive capsulitis have been reported in the literature, none of which has proven superior to others. Objectives: To evaluate the long-term follow-up of patients with idiopathic adhesive capsulitis who were treated conservatively. Methods: We conducted a long-term follow-up (range 5.5-16 years, mean 9.2 years) of 54 patents suffering from idiopathic adhesive capsulitis. All patients were treated with physical therapy and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Results: An increased statistically significant improvement (P < 0.00001) was found between the first and last visits to the clinic in all measured movement directions: elevation and external and internal rotation. Conclusions: Conservative treatment (physical therapy and NSAIDs) is a good long-term treatment regimen for idiopathic adhesive capsulitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)524-526
Number of pages3
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Conservative treatment
  • Idiopathic adhesive capsulitis


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