ICECUBE NEUTRINOS AND LORENTZ INVARIANCE VIOLATION

Giovanni Amelino-Camelia, D. Guetta, Tsvi Piran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

The IceCube neutrino telescope has found so far no evidence of gamma-ray burst (GRB) neutrinos. We here notice that these results assume the same travel times from source to telescope for neutrinos and photons, an assumption that is challenged by some much-studied pictures of spacetime quantization. We briefly review previous results suggesting that limits on quantum-spacetime effects obtained for photons might not be applicable to neutrinos, and we then observe that the outcome of GRB-neutrino searches could depend strongly on whether one allows for neutrinos to be affected by the minute effects of Lorentz invariance violation (LIV) predicted by some relevant quantum-spacetime models. We discuss some relevant issues using as an illustrative example three neutrinos that were detected by IceCube in good spatial coincidence with GRBs, but hours before the corresponding gamma rays. In general, this could happen if the earlier arrival reflects quantum-spacetime-induced LIV, but, as we stress, some consistency criteria must be enforced in order to properly test such a hypothesis. Our analysis sets the stage for future GRB-neutrino searches that could systematically test the possibility of quantum-spacetime-induced LIV.

Original languageEnglish
Article number269
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume806
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 20 Jun 2015

Keywords

  • astroparticle physics
  • gamma-ray burst: general
  • neutrinos

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