Hypothyroid dependent myocardial angiotensin receptor trafficking is involved in improved cardiac performance after heat acclimation

Ronen Durst, Kobi Goldstein, Yuval Horowitz, Aaron Baggish, Meir Gare, Yonathan Hasin, Chaim Lotan, Michal Horowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Aims: The renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays a key role in heat acclimation, a process which induces adaptive changes in cardiac function. These changes are mediated in part by reduced thyroid hormone activity and improve myocardial function during and following exposure to various (non-heat) stresses such as ischemia. The aim of this study was to examine the role of RAS in the development of the heat acclimated protected heart. Main methods: Three treatment groups were used: (1) C, controls; (2) AC, heat acclimated rats (1 mo 34. °C,); and (3) HAEL, heat acclimated euthyroid rats treated with 3 ng/ml of eltroxine. A Langendorff perfusion apparatus was used to measure hemodynamic parameters at baseline and following administration of angiotensin-II, losartan and PD123319 in isolated hearts. Protein and mRNA levels of angiotensin receptors were measured. Key findings: Both C and HAEL animals showed increased contractility and a drop in coronary flow during angiotensin II exposure whereas AC animals did not have an inotropic response or vasoconstriction. Significantly different patterns of AT1 and AT2 receptor densities (a 50% reduction and a 30% increase in outer cell membrane AT1 and AT2 receptors respectively) were observed in AC animals compared to the other two groups. AT receptor mRNA levels were similar in all treatment groups. Significance: The attenuated response of heat acclimated hearts to angiotensin is mediated by reduced thyroxine levels and is associated with a shift in AT1 receptors from the outer to the inner membrane. This shift appears to be caused by modified posttranslational trafficking of AT receptors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-336
Number of pages6
JournalLife Sciences
Issue number9-10
StatePublished - Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Angiotensin II receptors
  • Cardiac mechanical performance
  • Elthroxine
  • Myocardial heat acclimation
  • RAS


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