How are actions physically implemented?

Karen Zentgraf, Nikos Green, Jörn Munzert, Thomas Schack, Gershon Tenenbaum, Joan N. Vickers, Matthias Weigelt, Uta Wolfensteller, Hauke R. Heekeren

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This chapter focuses on the interdisciplinary discussion between cognitive psychologists and neuroscientists on how actions, the results of decision processes, are implemented. After surveying the approaches used in action implementation research, we analyze the contributions of these different approaches in more detail. Topics covered include expertise research in sports science, knowledge structures, neuroscientific research on motor imagery and decision making, computational models in motor control, robotics, and brain-machine interfaces. This forms the basis for discussing central issues for interdisciplinary research on action implementation from different viewpoints. In essence, most findings show the need to abandon serial frameworks of information processing suggesting a step-by-step pattern from perception, evaluation, and selection to execution. Instead, an outlook on new approaches is given, opening a route for future research in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMind and Motion
Subtitle of host publicationThe Bidirectional Link between Thought and Action
EditorsMarkus Raab, Joseph Johnson, Hauke Heekeren
Number of pages16
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameProgress in Brain Research
ISSN (Print)0079-6123


  • action implementation
  • cognitive psychology
  • decision making
  • embodiment
  • neuroscience
  • sports science


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